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Child sexual abuse and exploitation are an increasing concern in Viet Nam. To effectively combat this form of child violence, it is necessary:
There are clear sanctions in place to prohibit all forms of sexual abuse and exploitation of children;
Conducting child-sensitive investigations and adjudication to encourage children to provide necessary testimony and to reduce the psychological trauma of participating in proceedings;
All of these rules and procedures apply in all cases involving persons under the age of 18.
In recent years, Vietnam has made significant strides in strengthening its national legislation to deal with violence against minors. The Law on Children 2016, the Criminal Code 2015 (revised in 2017) and the Criminal Procedure Code 2015 have many new important provisions to protect children from sexual abuse and other forms of violence. in a more efficient way. However, Vietnam’s law still has gaps that need to be addressed in order to be consistent with the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and the Optional Protocol on Child Trafficking, Child Prostitution and Literature. child pornography (OPSC).
This paper will analyze the main gaps in the Penal Code and include recommendations on short and long term measures to overcome them. UNICEF also recommends reviewing and amending the Criminal Procedure Code in the coming time to strengthen protection of young people. However, this document will only focus on the Penal Code.